Tag Archives: Gpus

A new contribution along the DESPOT line focused on hybrid CPU+GPU platforms

Cai P, Luo Y, Hsu D, Lee WS., HyP-DESPOT: A hybrid parallel algorithm for online planning under uncertainty, The International Journal of Robotics Research. 2021;40(2-3):558-573, DOI: 10.1177/0278364920937074.

Robust planning under uncertainty is critical for robots in uncertain, dynamic environments, but incurs high computational cost. State-of-the-art online search algorithms, such as DESPOT, have vastly improved the computational efficiency of planning under uncertainty and made it a valuable tool for robotics in practice. This work takes one step further by leveraging both CPU and GPU parallelization in order to achieve real-time online planning performance for complex tasks with large state, action, and observation spaces. Specifically, Hybrid Parallel DESPOT (HyP-DESPOT) is a massively parallel online planning algorithm that integrates CPU and GPU parallelism in a multi-level scheme. It performs parallel DESPOT tree search by simultaneously traversing multiple independent paths using multi-core CPUs; it performs parallel Monte Carlo simulations at the leaf nodes of the search tree using GPUs. HyP-DESPOT provably converges in finite time under moderate conditions and guarantees near-optimality of the solution. Experimental results show that HyP-DESPOT speeds up online planning by up to a factor of several hundred in several challenging robotic tasks in simulation, compared with the original DESPOT algorithm. It also exhibits real-time performance on a robot vehicle navigating among many pedestrians.

Subgraph matching (isomorphism) using GPUs for managing commonsense knowledge, and a short list of other graph problems that have had benefit from multiprocessing

Ha-Nguyen Tran, Erik Cambria, Amir Hussain, Towards GPU-Based Common-Sense Reasoning: Using Fast Subgraph Matching, Cognitive Computation, December 2016, Volume 8, Issue 6, pp 1074–1086, DOI: 10.1007/s12559-016-9418-4.

Common-sense reasoning is concerned with simulating cognitive human ability to make presumptions about the type and essence of ordinary situations encountered every day. The most popular way to represent common-sense knowledge is in the form of a semantic graph. Such type of knowledge, however, is known to be rather extensive: the more concepts added in the graph, the harder and slower it becomes to apply standard graph mining techniques.In this work, we propose a new fast subgraph matching approach to overcome these issues. Subgraph matching is the task of finding all matches of a query graph in a large data graph, which is known to be a non-deterministic polynomial time-complete problem. Many algorithms have been previously proposed to solve this problem using central processing units. Here, we present a new graphics processing unit-friendly method for common-sense subgraph matching, termed GpSense, which is designed for scalable massively parallel architectures, to enable next-generation Big Data sentiment analysis and natural language processing applications.We show that GpSense outperforms state-of-the-art algorithms and efficiently answers subgraph queries on large common-sense graphs.