Tag Archives: Transfer Learning

Transfer learning in reinforcement learning through case-based and the use of heuristics for selecting actions

Reinaldo A.C. Bianchi, Luiz A. Celiberto Jr., Paulo E. Santos, Jackson P. Matsuura, Ramon Lopez de Mantaras, Transferring knowledge as heuristics in reinforcement learning: A case-based approach, Artificial Intelligence, Volume 226, September 2015, Pages 102-121, ISSN 0004-3702, DOI: 10.1016/j.artint.2015.05.008.

The goal of this paper is to propose and analyse a transfer learning meta-algorithm that allows the implementation of distinct methods using heuristics to accelerate a Reinforcement Learning procedure in one domain (the target) that are obtained from another (simpler) domain (the source domain). This meta-algorithm works in three stages: first, it uses a Reinforcement Learning step to learn a task on the source domain, storing the knowledge thus obtained in a case base; second, it does an unsupervised mapping of the source-domain actions to the target-domain actions; and, third, the case base obtained in the first stage is used as heuristics to speed up the learning process in the target domain.
A set of empirical evaluations were conducted in two target domains: the 3D mountain car (using a learned case base from a 2D simulation) and stability learning for a humanoid robot in the Robocup 3D Soccer Simulator (that uses knowledge learned from the Acrobot domain). The results attest that our transfer learning algorithm outperforms recent heuristically-accelerated reinforcement learning and transfer learning algorithms.

Efficient sampling of the agent-world interaction in reinforcement learning through the use of simulators with diverse fidelity to the real system

Cutler, M.; Walsh, T.J.; How, J.P., Real-World Reinforcement Learning via Multifidelity Simulators, Robotics, IEEE Transactions on , vol.31, no.3, pp.655,671, June 2015, DOI: 10.1109/TRO.2015.2419431.

Reinforcement learning (RL) can be a tool for designing policies and controllers for robotic systems. However, the cost of real-world samples remains prohibitive as many RL algorithms require a large number of samples before learning useful policies. Simulators are one way to decrease the number of required real-world samples, but imperfect models make deciding when and how to trust samples from a simulator difficult. We present a framework for efficient RL in a scenario where multiple simulators of a target task are available, each with varying levels of fidelity. The framework is designed to limit the number of samples used in each successively higher-fidelity/cost simulator by allowing a learning agent to choose to run trajectories at the lowest level simulator that will still provide it with useful information. Theoretical proofs of the framework’s sample complexity are given and empirical results are demonstrated on a remote-controlled car with multiple simulators. The approach enables RL algorithms to find near-optimal policies in a physical robot domain with fewer expensive real-world samples than previous transfer approaches or learning without simulators.