Qualitative maps for mobile robots

Jennifer Padgett, Mark Campbell, Probabilistic qualitative mapping for robots, Robotics and Autonomous Systems, Volume 98, 2017, Pages 292-306, DOI: 10.1016/j.robot.2017.09.013.

A probabilistic qualitative relational mapping (PQRM) algorithm is developed to enable robots to robustly map environments using noisy sensor measurements. Qualitative state representations provide soft, relative map information which is robust to metrical errors. In this paper, probabilistic distributions over qualitative states are derived and an algorithm to update the map recursively is developed. Maps are evaluated for convergence and correctness in Monte Carlo simulations. Validation tests are conducted on the New College dataset to evaluate map performance in realistic environments.

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