Tag Archives: Metrical Maps

Reconstructing indoor map layouts from geometrical data

Matteo Luperto, Francesco Amigoni, Reconstruction and prediction of the layout of indoor environments from two-dimensional metric maps, Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, Volume 113, 2022 DOI: 10.1016/j.engappai.2022.104910.

Metric maps, like occupancy grids, are one of the most common ways to represent indoor environments in autonomous mobile robotics. Although they are effective for navigation and localization, metric maps contain little knowledge about the structure of the buildings they represent. In this paper, we propose a method that identifies the structure of indoor environments from 2D metric maps by retrieving their layout, namely an abstract geometrical representation that models walls as line segments and rooms as polygons. The method works by finding regularities within a building, abstracting from the possibly noisy information of the metric map, and uses such knowledge to reconstruct the layout of the observed part and to predict a possible layout of the partially observed portion of the building. Thus, differently of other methods from the state of the art, our method can be applied both to fully observed environments and, most significantly, to partially observed ones. Experimental results show that our approach performs effectively and robustly on different types of input metric maps and that the predicted layout is increasingly more accurate when the input metric map is increasingly more complete. The layout returned by our method can be exploited in several tasks, such as semantic mapping, place categorization, path planning, human\u2013robot communication, and task allocation.