Tag Archives: Intuition Vs. Deliberation

On the not clear distinction between fast/shallow and slow/deep cognitive processing

Adrianna C. Jenkins, Rethinking Cognitive Load: A Default-Mode Network Perspective,Trends in Cognitive Sciences, Volume 23, Issue 7, 2019, Pages 531-533 DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2019.04.008.

Typical cognitive load tasks are now known to deactivate the brain’s default-mode network (DMN). This raises the possibility that apparent effects of cognitive load could arise from disruptions of DMN processes, including social cognition. Cognitive load studies are reconsidered, with reinterpretations of past research and implications for dual-process theory.

The quick-intuition vs. slow-deliberation dilemma from a decision-making perspective

Y-Lan Boureau, Peter Sokol-Hessner, Nathaniel D. Daw, Deciding How To Decide: Self-Control and Meta-Decision Making, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, Volume 19, Issue 11, November 2015, Pages 700-710, ISSN 1364-6613, DOI: 10.1016/j.tics.2015.08.013.

Many different situations related to self control involve competition between two routes to decisions: default and frugal versus more resource-intensive. Examples include habits versus deliberative decisions, fatigue versus cognitive effort, and Pavlovian versus instrumental decision making. We propose that these situations are linked by a strikingly similar core dilemma, pitting the opportunity costs of monopolizing shared resources such as executive functions for some time, against the possibility of obtaining a better outcome. We offer a unifying normative perspective on this underlying rational meta-optimization, review how this may tie together recent advances in many separate areas, and connect several independent models. Finally, we suggest that the crucial mechanisms and meta-decision variables may be shared across domains.