Tag Archives: Embedded Control

Networked differential telerrobot remotely controlled in spite of disturbances and delays

Luca Nanu, Luigi Colangelo, Carlo Novara, Carlos Perez Montenegro, Embedded model control of networked control systems: An experimental robotic application, Mechatronics, Volume 99, 2024 DOI: 10.1016/j.mechatronics.2024.103160.

In Networked Control System (NCS), the absence of physical communication links in the loop leads to relevant issues, such as measurement delays and asynchronous execution of the control commands. In general, these issues may significantly compromise the performance of the NCS, possibly causing unstable behaviours. This paper presents an original approach to the design of a complete digital control unit for a system characterized by a varying sampling time and asynchronous command execution. The approach is based on the Embedded Model Control (EMC) methodology, whose key feature is the estimation of the disturbances, errors and nonlinearities affecting the plant to control and their online cancellation. In this way, measurement delays and execution asynchronicity are treated as errors and rejected up to a given frequency by the EMC unit. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is demonstrated in a real-world case-study, where the NCS consists of a differential-drive mobile robot (the plant) and a control unit, and the two subsystems communicate through the web without physical connection links. After a preliminary verification using a high-fidelity numerical simulator, the designed controller is validated in several experimental tests, carried out on a real-time embedded system incorporated in the robotic platform.