Tag Archives: Delays In Control Systems

Learning the parameters of Bernoulli for modelling the transmission times in remote control with known plant dynamics

Konstantinos Gatsis, George J. Pappas, Statistical learning for analysis of networked control systems over unknown channels, . Automatica, Volume 125, 2021 DOI: 10.1016/j.automatica.2020.109386.

Recent control trends are increasingly relying on communication networks and wireless channels to close the loop for Internet-of-Things applications. Traditionally these approaches are model-based, i.e., assuming a network or channel model they are focused on stability analysis and appropriate controller designs. However the availability of such wireless channel modeling is fundamentally challenging in practice as channels are typically unknown a priori and only available through data samples. In this work we aim to develop algorithms that rely on channel sample data to determine the mean square stability and performance of networked control tasks. In this regard our work is the first to characterize the amount of channel modeling that is required to answer such a question. Specifically we examine how many channel data samples are required in order to answer with high confidence whether a given networked control system is stable or not. This analysis is based on the notion of sample complexity from the learning literature and is facilitated by concentration inequalities. Moreover we establish a direct relation between the sample complexity and the networked system stability margin, i.e., the underlying packet success rate of the channel and the spectral radius of the dynamics of the control system. This illustrates that it becomes impractical to verify stability under a large range of plant and channel configurations. We validate our theoretical results in numerical simulations.

A study of the influence of uncertain, stochastic delays in the stability of LTI SISO systems

T. Qi, J. Zhu and J. Chen, “Fundamental Limits on Uncertain Delays: When Is a Delay System Stabilizable by LTI Controllers?,” in IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 1314-1328, March 2017. DOI: 10.1109/TAC.2016.2584007.

This paper concerns the stabilization of linear time-invariant (LTI) systems subject to uncertain, possibly time-varying delays. The fundamental issue under investigation, referred to as the delay margin problem, addresses the question: What is the largest range of delay such that there exists a single LTI feedback controller capable of stabilizing all the plants for delays within that range? Drawing upon analytic interpolation and rational approximation techniques, we derive fundamental bounds on the delay margin, within which the delay plant is guaranteed to be stabilizable by a certain LTI output feedback controller. Our contribution is threefold. First, for single-input single-output (SISO) systems with an arbitrary number of plant unstable poles and nonminimum phase zeros, we provide an explicit, computationally efficient bound on the delay margin, which requires computing only the largest real eigenvalue of a constant matrix. Second, for multi-input multi-output (MIMO) systems, we show that estimates on the variation ranges of multiple delays can be obtained by solving LMI problems, and further, by finding bounds on the radius of delay variations. Third, we show that these bounds and estimates can be extended to systems subject to time-varying delays. When specialized to more specific cases, e.g., to plants with one unstable pole but possibly multiple nonminimum phase zeros, our results give rise to analytical expressions exhibiting explicit dependence of the bounds and estimates on the pole and zeros, thus demonstrating how fundamentally unstable poles and nonminimum phase zeros may limit the range of delays over which a plant can be stabilized by a LTI controller.