A new method for estimating inertial sensor signals

M. Ghobadi, P. Singla and E. T. Esfahani, Robust Attitude Estimation from Uncertain Observations of Inertial Sensors Using Covariance Inflated Multiplicative Extended Kalman Filter, IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 209-217, DOI: 10.1109/TIM.2017.2761230.

This paper presents an attitude estimation method from uncertain observations of inertial sensors, which is highly robust against different uncertainties. The proposed method of covariance inflated multiplicative extended Kalman filter (CI-MEKF) takes the advantage of non-singularity of covariance in MEKF as well as a novel covariance inflation (CI) approach to fuse inconsistent information. The proposed CI approach compensates the undesired effect of magnetic distortion and body acceleration (as inherent biases of magnetometer and accelerometer sensors data, respectively) on the estimated attitude. Moreover, the CI-MEKF can accurately estimate the gyro bias. A number of simulation scenarios are designed to compare the performance of the proposed method with the state of the art in attitude estimation. The results show the proposed method outperforms the state of the art in terms of estimation accuracy and robustness. Moreover, the proposed CI-MEKF method is shown to be significantly robust against different uncertainties, such as large body acceleration, magnetic distortion, and errors, in the initial condition of the attitude.

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